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RUMPUN BULUH

USM Bamboo Interest Group (BIG)

JENIS BULUH | 2 | BAMBOO TYPES

nama [mass NAMA] rumput gergasi seperti kayu tumbuh kebanyakannya di tropika, juga ditanam secara besar-besaran.

Bambusa dan genera lain, famili Gramineae.

batangnya yang lompang dan beruas digunakan sebagai tongkat atau untuk membuat perabut dan alat-alatan.

ASAL lewat abad ke16: dari Belanda  bamboes, berasaskan bahasa Melayu mambu.

The NEW OXFORD Dictionary of ENGLISH.

 

 

 

noun [mass noun] a giant woody grass which grows chiefly in the tropics, where it is widely cultivated.

Bambusa and other genera, family Gramineae.

the hollow jointed stem of this plant, used as a cane or to make furniture and implements.

ORIGIN late 16th cent.: from Dutch bamboes, based on Malay mambu

The NEW OXFORD Dictionary of ENGLISH.

Keterangan

Besar, biasanya seperti pokok dengan batang seperti kayu. Batang tumbuh dari pungka dan biasanya berkumpul sebagai rumpun tebal. Batangnya kurus, isinya lompang, terdapat ruas yang menutup kaviti, pembahangi di antara dua kaviti, dengan diafragm teguh.

Description

Large, often tree-like, with woody stems. The stems spring from an underground root-stock and are often crowded to form dense clumps; the slender stem is hollow, has well-marked joints or nodes, at which the cavity is closed by a strong diaphragm

Dahan-dahannya banyak, dan ada species tertentu, runcing; dedaun tipis, pendek bersambung di pangkal, dengan tangkai pendek yang melekat pada sarung panjang. The branches are numerous and in some species spiny; the narrow, often short, leaf-blade is usually jointed at the base and has a short stalk, by which it is attached to the long sheath.
  The spikelets are usually many-flowered and variously arranged in racemes or panicles. The flower differs from that of the majority of grasses in having usually three lodicules and six stamens. Many species bloom annually, but others only at intervals sometimes of many years (e.g. Bambusa arundinacea, one of the largest species, has been observed at intervals of thirty-two years) when the individuals of one and the same species are found in bloom over large areas. After ripening of the seed, the leafless flowering culms always die down.
 

The fruit in Bambusa, Arundinaria and other genera resembles the grain generally characteristic of grasses, but in Dendrocalamus and others it is a nut, while rarely, as in Melocanna, it is fleshy like a fruit (apple in size and appearance).

Jenis

Buluh boleh di kumpulkan kepada 2 kumpulan besar iaitu yang mempunyai pertumbuhan tunggal (monopodial) dan pertumbuhan berumpun (simpodial). Buluh yang tumbuh tunggal hanya tersebar di kawasan beriklim sederhana sementara di kawasan tropika pula pertumbuhan adalah berbentuk berumpun.

Type
 

A group of perennial evergreen (except for certain temperate species) plants in the true grass family.

Family: Poaceae/ Gramineae

Subfamily: Bambusoideae

Tribe: Bambuseae

Genera: (70Wikipedia 23Britannica).

Arundinaria, Bambusa, Dendrocalamus, Gigantochloa, Melocanna, Phyllostachys,  Schizostachyum, Thyrosostachys, (8?)

Malaysia: 400 species [...].

70 spesis buluh dan sebanyak 50 spesis (dalam 7 genera) terdapat di Semenanjung Malaysia.

30 spesis (dalam 8 genera) di Sabah dan

20 spesis (dalam 7 genera) di Sarawak.

Di anggarkan jumlah kawasan yang ditumbuhi oleh buluh di Semenanjung Malaysia adalah lebih kurang 329 000 hektar.

 

Dunia: 1000-1500 species (?)

Terdapat 75 genera dan 1250 spesis buluh yang telah di kenalpasti [Maznah].

 

Species: Largest species 120ftBrit

Arundinaria

A. simoni,

A. japonica = Bambusa métaké (?);

A. nitida, "by far the daintiest and most attractive of all its genus, and remarkably hardy";

Bambusa

B. blumeana. Buluh Duri. Kayu penyepit, perabot, alat musik, tiang sanggaran.

B. heterostachya. Buluh Galah. Galah, pencucuk sate, bidal (?).

B. palmata, with leaves a foot or more long and three inches broad;

B. tesselata;

B. vulgaris. Buluh Minyak. Ornamental, pencuck sate, kayu penyepit, rebung.

B. vulgaris quadrangularis. Remarkable for its square stems.

Buluh Botol

Buluh Pagar

Dendrocalamus

D. pendulus. Buluh Akar/ Tali. Bakul, lidi sate, kraftangan.

D. asper. Buluh Betong. Barangan higo (?), rebung.

Buluh Betong Burma

Gigantochloa

G. brang. Buluh Brang. Barangan higo (?), kegunaan harian, rebung enak.

G. levis. Buluh Beting. Barangan higo (?), rebung enak.

G. ligulata. Buluh Tumpat. Sanggaran tanaman, rangka-rangka.

G. scortechnli. Buluh Semantan. Kraftangan dalam industri kecil.

G. wrayi. Buluh Beti/ Raga. Kraftangan, bidal, rebung.

Phyllostachys

P. aureosulcata, 9-15ft.

P. aureosulcata aureocaulis, 9-15ft.

P. aureosulcata spectabilis, 9-15ft.

P. bissetti, 9-15ft.

P. glauca yunzhu, 9-11ft.

P. mitis, growing to 60 ft. high in its native home, China and Japan;

P. nigra, so called from the black stem, a handsome species.

P. nigra hale,12-15ft.

P. nuda, 9-11ft.

Schizostachyum

S. brachycladum. Buluh Lemang. Kraftangan, ornamental, masak lemang.

S. grande. Buluh Semeliang. Rangka kraftangan.

S. zollingeri. Buluh Kasap.Kraftangan, pencuck sate, kegunaan harian

Buluh Sumpitan

Buluh Nipis

Semiarundinaria (see U Melbourne Database)

S. fastuosa red. Red Fastuosa (Temple) Bamboo, majestic in appearance; native of Japan; makes a great screen or hedge, very effective windbreak; canes start out bright green, then gradually age to a beautiful burgundy-red. Weekend Gardener.

Thyrosostachys

Buluh Siam

 

 

©Bamboo Web Team, Rumpun Buluh: USM Bamboo Interest Group (BIG), 2010. Started 13 Apr 2010. Updated 20 May 2010 13:40.