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RUMPUN BULUH

USM Bamboo Interest Group (BIG)

PENGGUNAAN  | 6 | USES

"Di Timur, kegunaan keseluruhan buluh dan produk dari buluh sememangnya tidak ada habisnya."

"Di Semenanjung Malaysia, kira-kira 13 spesis buluh telah digunakan secara meluas dalam industri kecil, industri kraftangan dan pengeluaran buluh." [Maznah].

Dalam penghasilan buluh, kita perlu melihat dua pihak, penghasil dan pengguna. Sementara pengguna mengguna, penghasil juga menggunakan buluh untuk tujuannya, sama ada sebagai hobi, untuk pertukaran atau sebagai sumber inspirasi. Oleh yang demikian guna buluh dikategorikan di sini di dalam tiga kawasan seperti berikut:

 

 

 

"The uses to which all the parts and products of the bamboo are applied in Oriental countries are almost endless."

"In Peninsula Malaysia about 13 species of bamboo are widely used in small industries, crafts and other production." [Maznah].

In the production of bamboo, there are two actors we must see - the producer and user. While the user uses, the producer is also using bamboo for the purposes of  a hobby, for exchange, or as a source of inspiration. The use of bamboo are therefore categorized in three areas as follows:

MANUSIA boleh hidup dengan memakannya. Selain itu buluh juga menjadi makanan otak untuk menjana inspirasi dalam perkembangan teori, bahasa, susastera, persuratan, dll. Kita dudukkan buluh yang digunakan untuk pembangunan fizikal, mental dan spiritual manusia di sini.
PRINSIP sebagai asas untuk sesuatu tindakan manusia, dimanifestasikan di dalam bentuk alat untuk apa juga tindakan/ perbuatan/ laku tadi. Sama ada untuk buat arang atau buat kilang arang atau gudang untuk menyimpan arang untuk dieksport, atau sebagai kenderaan yang membawa arang yang dieksport, kesemua alatan buluh seperti ini, dimasukkan di dalam kategori ini.
TEMPAT ialah apa yang manusia dan buluh berkongsi, iaitu tanah, air, mentari, udara. Bagaimana buluh digunakan dan berguna untuk bumi, ianya dimasukkan ke sini.
PEOPLE can live on bamboo by feeding on it. Apart from that bamboo is also used as food for thought, to generate the inspiration in the development of theories, language, literature, letters and the likes. We place the bamboo used in the physical, mental and spiritual development of mankind here.
PRINCIPLE as a basis of the act of any human is also manifested in the form of tools for whatever the human action is. Whether it is to produce bamboo charcoal, or the charcoal factory building of bamboo, or a bamboo warehouse to store the charcoal for export, or as a bamboo vehicle to transport the charcoal for export, all these bamboo tools shall be placed in this category.
PLACE is what the humans and bamboo share, that is our earth, water, sunshine and air. How bamboo is used or is useful for the purposes of our good old earth, they are located here.
PEOPLE ( & Intention) PRINCIPLE (of Doing/ Tools) PLACE (to Locate Products)

Makanan

Rebungnya yang lembut dan lunak, semasa mula tumbuh, dipotong dan dihidangkan di meja makan seperti asparagus. Seperti sayur tersebut iaya disimpan di dalam tanah supaya lebih sesuai dimakan, dan menjamin bekalan yang tak putus sepanjang tahun. lebih banyak pada musim gugur. Juga digarami dan dimakn dengan nasi, dijadikan jeruk dan digulakan sebagai manisan.

Food

The soft and succulent shoots, when just beginning to spring, are cut off and served up at table like asparagus. Like that vegetable, also, they are earthed over to keep them longer fit for consumption; and they afford a continuous supply during the whole year, though it is more abundant in autumn. They are also salted and eaten with rice, prepared in the form of pickles or candied and preserved in sugar.

Bijian buluh boleh dimakan dan orang China ada pepatah, buluh berbuah banyak bila padi tak menjadi, yang bererti pada waktu susah, makanan tidak akan putus.

The grains of the bamboo are available for food, and the Chinese have a proverb that it produces seed more abundantly in years when the rice crop fails, which means, probably, that in times of dearth the natives look more after such a source of food.

Orang Hindu memakannya dengan madu, tiap ruas diisi, luarnya disalut dengan tanah, kemudian dipanggang. Buah buluh dari specie Melocanna boleh dimasak dan dimakan.

Hindus eat it mixed with honey as a delicacy, equal quantities being put into a hollow joint, coated externally with clay, and thus roasted over a fire. The fleshly fruit of Melocanna is baked and eaten.

Perubatan

Apabila buluh membesar, terdapat cecair yang dikeluarkan dalam lompang di antara ruas, digunakan sebagai ubat yang dikenali dengan nama tabaxir atau tabascheer. Bahan yang mengandungi silica mempunyai sifat optik juga. Sebagai agen perubatan, buluh adalah "inert" dan tidak pernah diterima dalam perubatan Eropah.

 

Medicine

As the plant grows older, a species of fluid is secreted in the hollow joints, in which a concrete substance once highly valued in the East for its medicinal qualities, called tabaxir or tabascheer, is gradually developed. This substance, which has been found to be a purely siliceous concretion, is possessed of peculiar optical properties. As a medicinal agent the bamboo is entirely inert, and it has never been received into the European materia medica

Membasmi Kemiskinan

 

Poverty Alleviation

 

Alatan Cantik Diri

Sikat buluh, cucuk sanggul dan topi buluh. Sikat dan cucuk sanggul ini biasanya digunakan oleh orang Melayu dan orang asli di Semenanjung Malaysia.

.

Pakaian

 

. Clothing

 

Kraftangan

bakul, raga, keranjang, penampi, kipas, barangan larek, tikar, tabung alat-alat menganyam. Jenis buluh yang digunakan ialah buluh semantan, nipis, minyak, galah, beting dan aur. Bahagian yang digunakan pula ialah bahagian luar buluh yang mudah dibentuk tanpa patah. Buluh-buluh yang dipilih daripada buluh muda yang berumur antara 1 hingga 2 tahun.

.Utility Objects/ Crafts

It is, however, the stem of the bamboo which is applied to the greatest variety of uses. Joints of sufficient size form water buckets; smaller ones are used as bottles; cooking vessels.

Implements

The bamboo is employed in the construction of all kinds of agricultural and domestic implements and in the materials and implements required in fishery.

In the south-west of Asia there is a certain species of equally slender growth, from which writing-pens or reeds are made

Senjata

Lembing, sumpit, panah, pisau sembilu dan ranjau. Bagi tujuan ini, sebarang buluh boleh digunakan kecuali buluh sumpitan.

Perangkap

 jerat tikus, jebak burung dan serkap ayam.

Buluh nipis pula dijadikan alat menangkap ikan seperti lukah, serkap ikan, joran, tuar, serempak dan kelong.

. Weapons

Bows are made of it by the union of two pieces with many bands; and, the septa being bored out and the lengths joined together, From the light and slender stalks shafts for arrows are obtained.

Alat Muzik

Seruling, angklong, kerating, gendang dan genggong. Biasanya alat-alat muzik ini terdiri daripada jenis bertali, gendering atau tiupan. Sebarang jenis buluh yang berdinding nipis boleh digunakan. Bahagian yang digunakan hendaklah dipilih daripada buluh yang cukup tua

.

Lidi Satay, dll

Pada puratanya sebatang buluh yang panjangnya 6 meter, boleh menghasilkan 950 bilah lidi sate dan 2850 bilah cungkil gigi.

Di India, akar buluh digunakan untuk membuat bola polo.

 

.

Perabut

Jenis buluh yang digunakan adalah buluh semantan, galah, beting, minyak dan duri. Buluh yang berusia tidak kurang daripada 4 tahun adalah sesuai untuk tujuan ini.

Furniture

Strips are also woven into cages, chairs, beds and other articles of furniture.

 

Bangunan

 

.Buildings

Houses: Bamboo is extensively used as a timber wood, and houses are frequently made entirely out of the products of the plant; complete sections of the stem form posts or columns; split up, it serves for floors or rafters; and, interwoven in lattice-work, it is employed for the sides of rooms, admitting light and air. The roof is sometimes of bamboo solely, and when split, which is accomplished with the greatest ease, it can be formed into laths or planks.

Kelong

Building in the sea for Fish Rearing

Kerja Sivil

Hampir keseluruhan Jambatan Sinchuan, iaitu sebuah jambatan gantung di China, diperbuat daripada buluh. Jambatan ini masih digunakan lagi selepas 1000 tahun.

Civil Works

It is employed, in transmitting water to the reservoirs or gardens . 

Kenderaan

Bot

Basikal

Rakit

 

.Vehicles

Boats

It is employed in shipping of all kinds; some of the strongest plants are selected for masts of boats of moderate size, and the masts of larger vessels are sometimes formed by the union of several bamboos built up and joined together.

TUBS Marine Real modern planing boats.

Bicycles

Rafts

Taxis

Jorge Chapa. "Stylish Bamboo Taxis..." Inhabitat.

Trains

BBC "Cambodians Ride Bamboo Railway."

Joe Ehrlich,"The Bamboo Train in Battambang, Cambodia." BootsnAll Travel.

   
 

. Human Settlements

 

Reforestation Program

 

ęBamboo Web Team, Rumpun Buluh: USM Bamboo Interest Group (BIG), 2010. Started 13 Apr 2010. Updated 20 May 2010 13:41.