Theori Matematik: Senibina Moden

oleh Dr. Ahmad Sanusi Hassan.

Konsep rekabentuk bangunan berasaskan sistem geometri matematik seperti segiempat sama, segiempat tepat, bulatan, matematik pembahagian ruang (‘mathematical ordering of space’) dan 3 dimensi. Sistem ini berasaskan ukuran manusia sebagai dimensi pengukur alam. Dimensi yang ketiga ditemui oleh Brunelleschi dan hasil penemuan ini ialah lukisan perspektif yang dipercayai menjadi garis pengukur baru secara 3 dimensi sebagai interpretasi realiti kepada rekabentuk yang berstruktur matematik. Kemungkinan besar penemuan ini mempunyai kaitan dengan salah satu kepercayaan Kristian iaitu bapa, ibu dan anak tuhan dalam 3 dimensi. Kepercayaan ini dikaitkan dengan ilmu sains kepada 3 dimensi manusia yang dapat dilihat melalui lukisan perspektif. Mathematic reasoning; theory of mathematic occupied the univers and natural law. math = natural law. math is the answer of the solution. versus faith as the answer based on faith/injil/gospel/bible ..... why dikarang tolak/tambah oleh paderi mereka.

3d dimension/rational perspective view based on 3 god image in one tropism

Kejatuhan sistem feudal dan kuasa gereja, imej baru: rekabentuk istana dan gereja berasaskan senibina Yunani & Romawi.
Senibina moden; moden, ditafsirkan dari perkataan "mode" yang bermakna fesyen atau style. "Modern" asal dari perkataan "modernus" iaitu perbezaan transition diantara kehidupan baru dan lama
Kegemilangan tamadun Islam adalah permulaan zaman Renaissance mengapa? sebab kebanyakan buku-buku ilmiah dari tamadun Yunani diterjemah oleh ahli-ahli falsafah Islam kepada bahasa Latin. Latin merupakan bahasa ‘lingua franca’ Eropah pada masa itu. Dari situ, dunia Eropah mula terbuka pada ilmu melalui pembacaan buku-buku tersebut. Belajar ilmu falsafah Plato dan Aristotle dan ahli-ahli falsafah Yunani lain.
Development of math ekoran dari penggunaan nombor2 dari tamadun Islam. Nombor dari tamadun Romawi bermasalah. Solution of math geometry. Also influenced by geometric development from Islamic civilisation.
(New) Rise of reason, reality contoh teori semulajadi alam; graviti, pusingan hari, hujan versus (past) teori of faith and religion; Cristianity lost its faith.
Renaissance - Baroque - Enlightenment kurun 1700, theory of knowledge vs theory of being, rational knowledge, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Hume Diderot, Michel Benedikt. 1400 to 1700 struggle power of national/ parlimentary versus power of monarchy. books about new power of the rulers based on rational knowledge under scientific & rational theoretical /freedom knowledge versus power of the king; faith & religoius under the influence of the church. nationalists versus Imperalists power. start with French revolution.
Rise of national orders, power of the nations versus power of the monarchy. rise of national elites versus king aristocrates.
Man is caught in the box , new books of guideline, an object determined by natural laws to be understood based on reason with the scientific answer.
science - structure of reality, a new revelation superstitiously to the word of science as the true answer of reality, rationalist pushing God out of life.
theory of knowledge vs theory of being.
man and his power of reasoning vs God’s faith
Modern, a new epoch, renewed relationship to Greek and Roman civilisation, wake up of this change.
A major force creation of senibina modern - indusrial revolution, -new method of construction between arch and engineering, new type of forms of bldgs; highrises / skycrapers and new materials steel, electrical wiring, concrete etc., no precedence. , self expression of mechanisation,
Nationalist purposes; National colonisation (Asia & NW & African nations) of raw materials for industrial products.
new mecanistic & technicanistic socio economic base. truth of the machine based on its reality. architecture as an expression of engineearing and technical knowlege reality of building’s construction based on power of machine which work in reality with natural laws. new reality of the machine. Geometric nature. Natural orders = mechanistic orders.
Invention era of the machine i.e. Alex. G. Bell, Faraday,
new centers of economic powers industrialisation versus agrarian products. Industrialisation as a national prouds. Industrialists society.
New abstract of the math/machine/
Perfection & simplicity of the machine; inhibit decorative purposes ‘Form follow functions (f.L. Wright), Machine and abstraction like formula of techno and scientific theory / mathematic formula, Einstein: E= mc2, theory of relativity & quantum mechanics
R + B = geometry/rationalfaith/mathematic/national revolution; monarchy vs Modern = machine/quantum physic formula/Industrialisation/national expression
architecture = engineering; expression of perfection + simplistic Abstract of quantum leaps/ new formulas.
theoretical/ formula considerations gave the way to practical application of the industralist society.
Power of the machine = power of the nation politically, economically & militarilly - building carries mechanistic spirits= new image; formula icon, math symbol.
Le Corbu & Mies; simplifisation drastic abstrct modes reformulating the enlightenment of Ledoux & Boullee; Idea of universal formal emergence of abstract art - new paradigm by viewing precedence and new language & form new direction by going back to basic; language of mechanical to natural laws and univers = formulation, simple, abstract of physicist quantum mechanics E=mc2. Architecture is an abstraction product of imageless physics.
zietgeist = new spirit of time, 4th dimension of time related to space & light, theory of relativity & imageless physic.
Abstract; image of universal style, the formulas of quantum mechanic and teory of relativity universally can be applied everywhere in the world. Abstract = basic form of the buildings, basic geometric orders of the man made machine vs nature. cubism form.purification of abstraction.
De stijl movement; artists = abstravt art. theo van does burg & Pet Mondrian.
Mies ‘less is simple’ based on its structural fuction that shows its decoration and perfection, the truth of reality of architecture.
Architecture of scientific diagram & model. New form defines the spatial concept: Schroeder house by Rietvield. Abstract form creates spatial distribution of the house based on roles and function. Abstract purism = architecture of the avant garde. Pure is a perfection. Pure of machine
Modern = universal, new image of architecture throughouth the world. modernist culture=compatible by various beliefs, culture and society versus incompactible of indigenous culture. West formulate something compatible which will not raised conflict to local culture of the people in their colony abroad. Introduced universal style. a new style that di not confront local culture & belief. To a universal social image. moden society