Perkembangan Ekosentrik

oleh Dr. Ahmad Sanusi Hassan.

 

Universal vs Regional Architektur
Universal = Senibina Moden, power of mathematik to geometry to metaphysic to abstrak to machine and its simbolic perfection.
Universal = basic geometri & abstrak = basic form of arhitektur semua budaya senibina di seluruh tamadun dunia.
Sama dengan perkembangan sains = rasional mental dari nombor (tamadun Islam) ke humanistic geometri/pengukur nature & universe (Leonardo de Vinci/De Gregorio human scale/form, ‘man caught in the box of geometric form) ke theori sains (dari Galelio, Kepler kepada khasnya quantum fizik seperti Einstein teori E=mc2, a=mv2) formula berdasarkan abstrak mathematik formula ke relation formula ini kepada ‘rule of natural law’ (contohnya Newtonian graviti, Graham Bell telephone, adik-beradik Wright tentang natural law with kapal terbang teori graviti) natural law berdasarkan harmoni dengan rasional math formula ke pembuatan mesin untuk menjanakan rekaan jentera-jentera ini ‘Industrial Revolution’ (kapal terbang, relative speed with the vehicle, telefon, mesin industri).
Perkembangan ilmu Eropah mengantikan tamadun Islam sebagai ‘Center of knowledge of the globe’.
Perkembangan Rasional yang menafsirkan natural law. Perkembangan ini juga merobah human law dari kekuasaan monarki/gereja kepada power of the mass /demokrasi - the rise of nationality revolution, based on books written by Abbe Locke, Descartes etc.... di zaman Enlightenment impact to French revolution, English Magna Carta, Russian Bolshevik revolution, Lincoln’s Freedom of Speech, Vote and right of the people.
Senibina ditakrifkan kepada formula sains of natural law, mechanistic relationship seperti formula senibina ‘Less is more’, ‘Radiant city’, ‘Form follow function’, zietgeist dimension of the time. Semua ini memaparkan konsep linearity of the the WWV. Teori relativiti memberi ungkapan masa berdasarkan masa relative to linear beginning ................... and ending. Teori of beginning Senibina WWV ‘primitive hut’ by Abbe Laugier - simplicity / basic form that determine the first built form architecture.
Mesin = Abstrak Purism (Purity of the machine .. function) result of simple perfection of machine.
Konsep Rekabentuk rasional geometri yang boleh diterima yang tidak bercanggah dengan batas agama, kepercayaan dan budaya.
Universal = international style according to Curtis, bermula dari 1920s bermulanya pabstrak cubism movement. The style introduced as internasional that can be formulated in all parts/regions of the globe.
The movement menunjukkan ‘Duality’ perception of the Eastern & Western WV.
EWV (Asia + Africa) is unlinear, spiritual power of the myth of nature, God centre determination versus WWV man relativity of the natural surrounding.
Contohnya primitive architektur, based on spritual value of the nature. (animism)
Chinese, Taoism believe of Ying + Yang = e (equilibrium), konsep geomancy Luck vs unluck

                                    wpe2.jpg (3643 bytes)

Islam, Halal, Haram, Wajib, Sunat, Harus, Makruh .... = -VE Kesempurnaan(e) +VE

e = comfort line based on mutual relationship between man & nature
universal/international alreadsy debated in 17th C
by M. Heidegger, E. Bloch, P. Ricoure
but at that time their argument worthless
covered by Industrial Rev. - Machine power.

 

Teori after ‘Moden’ = Postmodern
many movements
Teori after ‘Moden’ = Postmodern
many movements

wpe4.jpg (45910 bytes)